Welcome to our class!

We are an environmental science course at St. Benedict's Prep in Newark, NJ, taught by Mrs. T. We'll be blogging about environmental issues all term, so please stay tuned!

Monday, April 10, 2017

Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park

 The Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park, established in 1916, is a United States National Park located in Hawaii. It encompasses two active volcanoes: Kilauea, one of the world's most active volcanoes, and Mauna Loa, the world's most massive shield volcano. Although the park is located on an island it occupies an area of 505 square miles (1,308 square km) and includes two active volcanoes—Mauna Loa and Kilauea—25 miles apart. The park began getting recognition when Missionaries William Ellis and Asa Thurston visited Kīlauea's boiling lake of lava in 1823.  In 1906, Thurston began a campaign to make this amazing area into a public park. Together with Dr. Thomas A. Jaggar they wrote editorials, and promoted the idea of making the volcanoes into a national park in what was then the territory of Hawaiʻi. On August 1, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed the country's 13th national park into existence. The park itself is important because the park delivers scientists insight into the birth of the Hawaiian Islands and ongoing studies into the processes of volcanism. For visitors, the park offers dramatic volcanic landscapes as well as glimpses of rare flora and fauna. People who visit the park can enjoy activities such as hiking, camping, atv tours, and volcano expedition. Despite being on a volcano filled with lava, the park is very beautiful.

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Sunday, April 9, 2017

Sequoia National Park

The Sequoia National Park is located in California's southern Sierra Nevada mountains. This is California's first national park,which was first established on September 25, 1890. This park is famous for the activities that can be done and the history behind the park, which is pretty fascinating. Before the park was established, Mono native Americans would settle in the park seasonally. They would leave by pictographs. To make visitors have the full experience, they carved a roadway into a large tree called tunnel log. The activities require you to take extra precaution. The weather varies widely at different elevations, so that means that storms can happen at any time of the year. You can do things such as day hiking, exploring giant sequoia groves, overnight wilderness trips, ranger led programs, and more. 300 kinds of wildlife live in the Sequoia. Black bears are usually high profile. There are also more than 1,500 plant species that can be found. How do these trees live so long anyways?They live so long because nothing kills them. Fires, diseases, and critters don't make much of a debt. Men weren't even able to use them. They tried years ago but these trees are so massive that when they would crash to the ground, they would splinter into a million pieces, which could be used as toothpicks.

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Denali National Park

Denali National Park is a six million acre park located in Alaska. It's temperatures can reach as low to -40 degrees in the winter to as high as 75 degrees in the summer. It is home to the historic Denali Mountain which has the highest mountain peak in North America. Prior to 1917, hunting in this region began to increase and the number of animals, specifically sheep, began to decrease. A man named Charles Sheldon realized the fall in sheep population and helped the establishment of Denali National Park on February 26, 1917. The wildlife in Denali is very diverse with 39 species of mammals, 169 species of birds, and 14 species of fish. The park includes 12,200 lakes and ponds, 18,700 miles of steams 1,500 species of plants. Over 40,000 people visit a year to experience the wonders of this beautiful park.

Isaiah Whitaker